Contributor Archives: James Horrox

About James Horrox

James Horrox is the author of A Living Revolution: Anarchism in the Kibbutz Movement, forthcoming in 2008 from AK Press. He is a regular contributor to numerous independent publications and is currently working on his postgraduate research at Manchester Metropolitan University. He wrote this article for Zeek in October, 2007.

Rebuilding Israel’s Utopia

For nearly a century, the Israeli kibbutz represented one of the most celebrated success stories of the twentieth-century socialist left. In this federated network of democratic, self-governing communities, the absence of private property, the negation of the wage system, and the assimilation of physical and white-collar labour successfully came together to create a society devoid of the inequalities and class hierarchies typical of market-driven societies. For many years, the kibbutzim thus …

Posted in Personal Stories of Zionism, Israel and Progressive Identity | 14 Comments

Beta Israel: Orphans of Circumstance

By James Horrox Under the provisions of Israel’s Law of Return, more than 120,000 Ethiopian Jews have settled in the country over the last three decades. Many of these Jews arrived during the 1980s and 1990s, when, in response to civil war and famine in Ethiopia, the Israeli government mounted massive rescue operations. Operation Moses in 1984 and Operation Solomon in 1991 airlifted over 85 percent of Ethiopia’s entire Jewish population to Israel. All of the immigrant groups who have …

Posted in Israel | 8 Comments